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By Harry A. Hoffner

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19, pp. ) ‘shepherd’ 147. 108 (p. 41). 148. 76, p. 68, p. 258). 149. 1 (p. 354) for the placement of -kan. 150. The particle -ašta combined with arḫa underscores that the new tablets were copied from the old ones. 151. apiya -at (= šiwat) is an archaic expression for apēdani -ti. indb 40 6/5/08 4:21:54 PM Lesson 11 Grammar This lesson introduces enclitic possessive pronouns, accented personal pronouns, vocatives, and ḫi-verbs with alternating stems in -a-/-i- (including the suffix -anna/i-) and with the suffix -šša-.

6. 7. . 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.  98. The reference is to the Egyptians. 99. See n. 87 (p. 26) above. 100. The sense of -pát here is ‘right (from)’. 102 (p. 94 (p. 266). 101. memai is ‘speaks’ (pres. sg. 3). The subject is the newborn child. 102. The sense of the present tense here is future. This is not what the newborn says, but a prediction based upon this omen. 103. kuiški (sg. nom. ) is ‘someone’. 104. 86 (p. 374) (should be understood as ‘upon one’s bed’ vs. 31 (p. 324). 105. The participle here has an active sense ‘knowing’.

Both genders show nominative and accusative singulars with zero ending, but there is a strong tendency for the common-gender nouns to be inflected as a-stems. 83 (pp. 84, p. 85, p. 117). The word for ‘hand’, already learned as an a-stem, also shows traces of its original inflection as an r-stem with an alternating stem. 82 (p. 116). 87 (p. 89, pp. 119–120). 88 (p. 118). 6, p. 181). Some consonantal stems of the ḫi-conjugation show an invariant stem, while others show an alternation between a in the singular and e in the plural.

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