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Page 4 The usefulness of aid to research is mixed. Aid programs have made an important contribution to the development of fisheries research capacity in developing countries. But they have also neglected areas, often helping to create a deficient infrastructure. In countries where funds are limited, aid can generate distortions. And short-term aid projects have sometimes diverted scarce national research personnel from national programs before their completion. Small-scale fisheries have attracted consider-able attention in the last decade, but the research required to underpin them has lagged behind.

Donors should also actively support the exchange of information between research programs. The FAO Fisheries Project Information System (FIPIS) could facilitate this process. Indicative Plan 5. An indicative plan for complementary support to fisheries research is recommended to direct the attention of donors. The SIFR could be used as the basis for such a plan as well as for bilateral negotiations. Key considerations for donors developing an Page 5 indicative plan should be (1) giving priority to sup-porting the development of fishery policy and programs and the identification of the most important research issues and (2) targeting national institutions that have regional or wider networks in place.

The modernization growth-oriented model of development, based largely on the experience of the more developed temperate-water maritime countries, became accepted. This approach primarily implied the superimposition of a modern, capital-intensive, specialized technology over the traditional base, which was largely labor-intensive and of great technical diversity. It assumed that this base was a hindrance to development and had to be either transformed or completely phased out" (Kurien and Achari 1989).

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