Download Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, by Neil Levy PDF

By Neil Levy

This ebook brings jointly a suite of papers, many which develop out of shows at a convention in Oxford in 2009 on dependancy and strength of mind, by way of a suite of thinkers who're united in believing that realizing organisation and screw ups of business enterprise calls for engagement with the easiest technology. The papers it collects makes an attempt to light up the mechanisms all in favour of dependancy and thereby to appreciate to what measure and in what methods activities pushed via habit are managed by way of the agent, show his or her will or values, and the level to which addicts are liable for what they do. the various papers specialize in the neuropsychological mechanisms concerned, particularly at the function of the midbrain dopamine process. Others specialize in gains of the habit and the level to which we will infer mental mechanisms from habit. The authors debate the simplest interpretation of the clinical proof and the way the medical proof bears upon, or can in simple terms be comprehend within the gentle of, philosophical theorizing approximately employer, regulate and accountability.

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Additional resources for Addiction and Self-Control: Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience

Sample text

Even without the appetite factor, defining a string of wins and losses by its first win and discounting that win hyperbolically will yield a positive expected value for a string with no net undiscounted cash return (Rachlin, 1990). But this is true only in the period just before this win. Counting the appetite-renewing effect of suspense, the string might seem to be an improvement over predictable wealth maintenance even when viewed from a distance. Authenticated as part of a project for gaining wealth, such strings may have more long-term preferability than a steady income.

Leamer, L.  Quill. Loewenstein, G. (1999). Because it is there: The challenge of mountaineering . . for utility theory. Kyklos 52, 315–344. L. (2003) Delay discounting of real and hypothetical rewards. Journal of Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology 11, 139–145. E. (1987) An adjusting procedure for studying delayed reinforcement. L. E. A. Nevin, & H. ), Quantitative Analyses of Behavior V: The Effect of Delay and of Intervening Events on Reinforcement Value. Erlbaum, 55–73. D. (2011) What differentiates professional poker players from recreational poker players?

M. (2002) Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate basis. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25, 1–20. Rachlin, H. (1990) Why do people gamble and keep gambling despite heavy losses? Psychological Science 1, 294–297. , & Spurrett, D. (2008) Midbrain Mutiny: The Picoeconomics and Neuroeconomics of Disordered Gambling. MIT Press. C. (1986) The mind as a consuming organ. In J. ), The Multiple Self. Cambridge University Press, 177–195. , & Schneider, W. (1977) Controlled and automatic human information processing: II.

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