By Nigel Maxted, Mohammad E. Dulloo, Brian V. Ford-Lloyd, Lothar Frese, Jose M. Iriondo, Miguel A. A. Pinheiro de Carvalho
This ebook comprises forty three chapters, 36 of which have been awarded on the a convention entitled "Towards the institution of genetic reserves for crop wild family members and landraces in Europe" held on the collage of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal among thirteen and 17 September 2010. The convention papers are provided within the following sections: genetic reserve conservation of crop wild kinfolk (14 papers); on-farm conservation of landraces (10 papers); precedence surroundings and chance evaluation (4 papers); in situ facts administration (4 papers); in situ PGR conservation - coverage implications and implementation (4 papers). This booklet is aimed toward delivering exemplars for crop wild family and landraces conservation and use with sensible equipment, protocols and tasks. even if the publication in particular specializes in methodological program in Europe, the in situ equipment defined are conventional and are transferable around the globe. The textual content is designed to be of use to conservation execs, geneticists, ecologists, agriculturalists, agro- and biodiversity coverage makers and postgraduate scholars in constructed and constructing nations in the course of the global. on hand In Print
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Additional info for Agrobiodiversity conservation: securing the diversity of crop wild relatives and landraces
As one of main objectives of the in situ management strategy is the maintenance of the highest possible amount of genetic diversity of a gene pool in nature, which is prerequisite for the evolutionary processes generating novel genetic variation, ten candidate GR sites for B. vulgaris subsp. maritima were also proposed. Although the taxon was not included in the prioritized list, these sites are known to harbour genetic variation for traits use- ful for plant breeding. As this taxon is widely distributed there is no immediate need for active management; however, as little is known about the geographic distri- bution pattern of traits useful for plant breeding, the establishment of GRs should be seen as a precautionary measure to secure these materials.
And Kell, S. (2009) Establishment of a Network for the In Situ Conservation of Crop Wild Relatives: Status and Needs. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 211 pp. V. T. (1997) A practical model for in situ genetic conservation. V. G. (eds) Plant Genetic Conservation: the In Situ Approach. Chapman and Hall, London, pp. 339-367. P. A. (2006) Towards a definition of a crop wild relative. Biodiversity and Conservation 15(8), 2673-2685.
Following this argument, we propose to include expert knowledge criteria in two steps of the process: (i) selection of ecogeographic variables that are considered to be most directly related to plant adaptation; Ecogeographical variables Protected areas networks GIS Presence density maps Distribution species models Known and potential coverage analysis Ecogeographical land characterization maps Representativeness analysis Definition of coverage and representativeness selecting thresholds Objective selection Subjective depuration Fig.