By Clive Matthews
Introduces the topic during the dialogue & improvement of assorted computing device courses which illustrate a number of the uncomplicated strategies & ideas within the box. The programming language used is Prolog. Paper.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Natural Language Processing Through Prolog
Consider another predicate which can be defined on the basis of the present set of predicates. Assume that w o r l d _ l a n g u a g e ( L a n g ) holds of any language, L a n g , just in case it is spoken in more than one country. T h e obvious way to define this might seem to be with the following rule. world_language(Lang) :spoken_in(Lang, spoken_in(Lang, Country1), Country2). The idea here would be that using t w o different variable names for the country arguments ensures that t w o different countries are being referred t o .
It is possible to use this to refer to a particular argument position. For example, rather than saying 'the first argument position' for the predicate s p o k e n _ i n it might be referred to as the 'language position'. A set of facts with the same predicate symbol and same n u m b e r of arguments defines the relation for which the predicate stands. Such a collection of facts is called a p r o c e d u r e . Below is a proced ure for the predicate s p o k e n _ i n . spoken_in(english, spoken_in(english, spoken_in(english, spoken_in(Spanish, spoken_in(quechua, spoken_in(piro, pe uk) .
For example, the following t w d facts involve different predicates because of the different n u m b e r of arguments taken. language(english). language(english, indo_european). e. English is an Indo-European language It is important that a fact's arguments appear as an ordered se quence since relations are often ordered. For instance, English is spoken in the United K i n g d o m but the United K i n g d o m is not spoken in English. It is arbitrary which ordering of arguments is chosen. All that matters is that, once a choice has been made, it is adhered to t h r o u g h o u t the p r o g r a m .