By Graeme Hirst (auth.)
Read Online or Download Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey PDF
Best ai & machine learning books
This quantity presents entire, self-consistent insurance of 1 method of desktop imaginative and prescient, with many direct or implied hyperlinks to human imaginative and prescient. The ebook is the results of a long time of analysis into the boundaries of human visible functionality and the interactions among the observer and his surroundings.
This ebook constitutes the completely refereed proceedings of the second one foreign convention on cellular instant MiddleWARE, Mobilware 2009, held in Berlin, Germany, in April 2009. The 29 revised complete papers provided have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from sixty three contributions. The papers are equipped in topical sections on situation and monitoring helps and providers; Location-aware and context-aware cellular aid and prone.
The topic subject of this book falls into the overall quarter of typical language processing. exact emphasis is given to languages that, for numerous purposes, haven't been the topic of research during this self-discipline. This e-book can be of curiosity to either laptop scientists who wish to construct language processing platforms and linguists attracted to studying approximately usual language processing.
This e-book explains the way to construct usual Language new release (NLG) systems--computer software program platforms that instantly generate comprehensible texts in English or different human languages. NLG structures use wisdom approximately language and the appliance area to immediately produce files, studies, causes, support messages, and other forms of texts.
- Lexical Issues of Unl: Universal Networking Language 2012 Panel
- An Introduction to Natural Language Processing Through Prolog
Extra info for Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey
Gross h e u r i s t i c s c o v e r s o m e s i m p l e r cases. If i t or t h e y o c c u r s t w i c e in t h e s a m e s e n t e n c e , or i n two a d j a c e n t s e n t e n c e s , t h e o c c u r r e n c e s a r e a s s u m e d to b e e o r e f e r e n t i a l . This u s u a l l y works, b u t t h e r e are, as always, e a s y e o u n t e r e x a m p l e s , s u c h as (3-6) ( f r o m Minsky 1968): (3-6) He p u t t h e b o x on t h e t a b l e . B e c a u s e i t w a s n ' t level, i t slid off.
The l l7-year-old timepiece apparently was the victim of metal fatigue. 47 Here the paraphrase (underlined) gives us n e w information, in this case about the age of the clock. , clock. (If the noun phrase had been a... ) In the next example, there is no definite article or other pointer to help resolve the coreference: 45it is not an epithet either, as it can be stressed if spoken. 46Could we take this analysis backwards, and construe the Pope as a cataphor of th~ b e l o v e d pontiff as we did in footnote ~9?
In s u b s e q u e n t c h a p t e r s , we shall s o m e t i m e s , w h e r e it is fairly e a s y to do so, b e g e n e r a l a n d a d d r e s s t h e p r o b l e m of r e f e r e n c e . At o t h e r t i m e s , we shall c o n c e n t r a t e m o r e p a r t i c u l a r l y o n a n a p h o r a . This is w h a t AI w o r k e r s call t h e vacillation paradigm. 2. o~, Chapter 3 TRADITIONAL APPROACHES TO ANAPHORA They w e n t a b o u t a n d s a n g o f R a m a ' s deeds; a n d R f f m a h e a r d o f it, a n d he c a l l e d a n a s s e m b l y o f the B r a h m a n s a n d all h i n d s o f g r a m m a r i a n s .