Download Anticompetitive Practices in Japan: Their Impact on the by Masaaki Kotabe PDF

By Masaaki Kotabe

The U.S.-Japan bilateral exchange courting is likely to be the main consequential and the main tumultuous on the earth. govt and company leaders commit tremendous effort and time to resolving the movement of disputes that come up among the 2 allies and buying and selling companions. a few of the concerns are rooted within the conception that Japan's remarkable fiscal luck should be due in a point to anticompetitive practices during which Japan's household markets are secure, and that an unfair virtue is granted to jap businesses as they extend in another country. whatever the validity of those critiques, their lifestyles exerts a unfavorable impact upon this significant bilateral relationship.

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Its behavior has been distinctive in a way that is prejudicial to the economic interests of its trading partners, and in a way that does not characterize the interaction among other industrial nations” (p. 60). S. S. exports to other countries. In every analysis, Japan’s import behavior was anomalous. Imports of virtually all capital goods and consumer finished products were unusually low. S. penetration in other OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) markets. Entry Barriers and Antitrust Enforcement 23 That Japan imports relatively fewer manufactured goods than other industrialized nations is now a largely uncontested, “well-established fact” (Lawrence and Schultze 1990, p.

523). He attributed Japan’s abnormally low level of manufactured imports to (1) a comparative advantage in producing manufactured goods, (2) the distance from its trading partners, and (3) trade barriers and an abnormal bias for Japanese-made products (the model could not differentiate between the effects of these two factors). He estimated that Japan’s manufactured imports were about 40 percent lower than one would expect of a typical industrial economy. Contrasting the ratio of manufacturing imports to domestic consumption for the United States, France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Japan, and adjusting for differences in natural resources, population, per capita income, and distance to other markets, Balassa and Noland (1988) concluded that Japan’s ratio of manufactured imports is extraordinarily low relative to the other countries examined.

S. multinational “neglect” of or “indifference” towards the Japanese market so often emphasized in previous accounts, . . S. investment in modern Japan therefore merits greater emphasis (p. 247). Similar tautological concerns can be raised regarding the allegations that American businesses have not shown the tenacity, patience, and long-term vision necessary to develop the relationships required to be successful in Japan. S. government, was virtually closed to foreign businesses during the first two decades following World War II.

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