By Neil C. Rowe
Man made Intelligence via Prolog e-book
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Extra resources for Artificial Intelligence Through Prolog
Exclusive or" means either is true but not both). 3-2. (R,A) Suppose you have the following Prolog database: incumbent(csprofessor,davis). incumbent(csprofessor,rowe). html incumbent(csprofessor,wu). incumbent(csprofessor,zyda). incumbent(cschairman,lum). incumbent(dean_ips,marshall). incumbent(provost,shrady). incumbent(superintendent,shumaker). incumbent(director_milops,bley). bossed_by(csprofessor,cschairman). bossed_by(cschairman,dean_ips). bossed_by(orchairman,dean_ips). bossed_by(dean_ips,provost).
6. Fortunately for this there is another choice: E=harry and D=production. 7. With this success, the interpreter can start moving right again. It considers the second predicate expression in the rule. And it can find a match of B=mary (remember, D=production now). So the rule succeeds, and thus the first expression of the query succeeds with X=mary and Y=harry. 8. Now in the second query expression, it must check that it is not true that Mary is the boss of Tom. To do this, it tries to prove the boss rule fails with B=mary and second argument tom.
From its stored information, it knows it chose the first part_of fact last time, so now it tries the second, binding X to kennedy and Y to u_s_navy. It stores the information about what it chose. 4. - has(u_s_navy,civil_service_system). This is the same query it did in step 2, but the interpreter is stupid and doesn't remember (Chapter 6 will explain how to force it to remember), so it checks the facts and fails to find anything again. The subquery fails. 5. So it backtracks again, to the first predicate expression in the query.