By Philip J. Haythornthwaite
The main implacable of Napoleon's continental enemies, on the outbreak of battle Austria maintained an enormous military, yet one rooted firmly within the 18th century. Hampered via the inherent conservatism of the hierarchy, the Austrians needed to struggle the main glossy military in Europe. regardless of this the regulars, who have been drawn from many territories below Austrian sway, played with nice self-discipline, answer and stoicism. This name examines intimately the business enterprise, uniforms, deployment and improvement of the Austrian infantry in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, protecting Line infantry, gentle infantry, Grenz-Infanterie, Landwehr military, and Frei-Corps units.
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Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Lion. War of Liberty Medal, 1918. Jeff Floyd FRANCE D ue in large part to the tumultuous history of France during the last three hundred years, the collector is presented with a vast panoply of medals, decorations and orders celebrating Kingdoms, Empires, and Republics. There are enormous variations in the quality of the styles and manufacture of many of these French awards, ranging from the exquisite to the poorly-cast products more recently seen on the market.
Second Class Badge of the Mannerheim Cross of the Cross of Liberty, Pin Back. 40 Center: Medal of Merit, Cross of Liberty. Right: First Class Medal of Liberty. FINLAND 41 Collar of the Order of the White Rose, and the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose. Left: Knight's Cross of the Order of the White Rose. Right: Medal of the Order of the White Rose. Star of the First Class Commander of the Order of the White Rose. First Class Commander of the Order of the White Rose. Star of the Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose.
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