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By Hugh George Rawlinson

An vital Account of the Greek nation That governed the Hindu Kush for hundreds of years within the Wake of Alexander the Great
“If during the Bactrian Empire ecu rules have been transmitted to the some distance East, via that and related channels Asiatic rules came across their strategy to Europe.”—Intellectual improvement of Europe
Following the Macedonian invasion of Persian within the fourth century B.C., an self reliant Greek-ruled empire emerged over a space encompassing glossy Afghanistan, japanese Iran, and northerly Pakistan. This historical empire, known as Bactria, is recorded in texts, either Asian and ecu, in addition to via cash, inscriptions, and architectural remnants. Bactria served as a touch aspect among Europe, South Asia, and the a ways East for greater than 200 years sooner than disappearing below the strain of a resurgent Persia to the west and Indian states to the east. In Bactria: The historical past of a Forgotten Empire, historian Hugh G. Rawlinson starts with the early heritage of Bactria and its subjugation by means of Persia, after which describes the conquest of Iran by way of Alexander the nice and the institution of an self sufficient Bactria governed by way of Greeks. The Bactrians followed Buddhism early on and helped determine the faith during the sector. the writer then follows the heritage of the empire via its rulers, together with Menander, until eventually Greek rule used to be extinguished round a hundred thirty five B.C. eventually, the writer discusses the consequences of Greek profession at the sector. in keeping with meticulous examine in historic texts from Greece, Persia, and India, and utilizing fabric facts of the time, this historical past, which received the Hare collage Prize at Cambridge in 1909, is still proper this present day, offering a desirable portrait of a little-known connection among East and West.

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1,15. Only 1,000 strong. Why so small r force 7 Bcrsus may, even then, have been only lukemar~nin his royalty. -The courage of the Bactrinns was proverbial. 6. -Sce also what the author of the Periplus says, p. )O ...... *It is significnnt h a t C ~ r L i l ~mcntions s that thc lux~try which had sappcd the rest of Persin htrd not affmted Dt~ctria. Alexander's task rcnlly began mhcn thc camp~igrl:tgninst B : r s s ~ ~mns s tundcrttrkc~l. great and as yet intact province. And so when sl; last Alexander and his picked cavalrymen rode into the retreating rearguard at dawn, it mas to find [,he last of the heirs of " Cyrus the king, the Ach~meniwn", lying amid his dead mules and drivers, stabbed through aud through.

It is significnnt h a t C ~ r L i l ~mcntions s that thc lux~try which had sappcd the rest of Persin htrd not affmted Dt~ctria. Alexander's task rcnlly began mhcn thc camp~igrl:tgninst B : r s s ~ ~mns s tundcrttrkc~l. great and as yet intact province. And so when sl; last Alexander and his picked cavalrymen rode into the retreating rearguard at dawn, it mas to find [,he last of the heirs of " Cyrus the king, the Ach~meniwn", lying amid his dead mules and drivers, stabbed through aud through. Bessus was far ahead, gone to make a desperate effort to restore the fortunes of the Achxmeniun dynasty in hi8 own person at Bactria, with the title of Artaxerxes.

West of the Cophenes, Stasanor coutinued to. 1 Diodorun XI&. 4. he Inclns and Cophenee and the Paralmnisns range. The lti~isinitnoS Darius eveu appears to have sent help to the confederates in the mar with Antigonus, but was allowed to remain unmolested. Perhaps, on the receipt of the news of the tragic end of his claughter and grandson, he changed sides, or withdrew from the contxst; his influence, in any case, was of no weight on either side. I n 306 B. C. the peace of Bactria was once more disturbed.

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