Download Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations by Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.) PDF

By Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.)

Masking nearly 1 archival collections in all nations round the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), this consultant presents a necessary device for students learning the region's maritime, fiscal and diplomatic family members among one hundred forty five and 18.

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Additional info for Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations of the Countries around the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), 1450–1800 (The Northern World)

Sample text

The Sound Toll registers show that a second Dutch advance in the Baltic was taking place in the 1590s as Dutch trade in Mediterranean and colonial wares started to eclipse that of Hamburg and Lübeck. This was the result of the more diversi¿ed triangle trade between the Baltic, the western Atlantic coasts and the Mediterranean. Danzig grain was shipped by Dutch merchants directly to Lisbon and Venice, where they sourced the Mediterranean produce demanded in the Baltic. Spain, Portugal and France were also markets for naval stores as well as Swedish copper and iron; they were also the north’s main providers of salt, woollens and wines.

The conÀict ended in the military humiliation of the Danes and the exemption of the Wend towns from the Sound levies. This reduced the Danish king’s role to that of a mediator during the Holland-Wend War of 1438–1441, and attempts to encourage Dutch trade on the Baltic in the following decades were foiled by the overwhelming power of the northern German towns. The succession to the throne of Christian II (1514–1523), who was allied through marriage with the Habsburg emperor and sovereign in the Low Countries, brought about a dramatic shift in relations with the League.

The development of the Àuitschip is a major reason for the Low Countries’ supremacy in the Baltic after 1600. The Àuit was constructed around 1595 in order to maximise carrying capacity and slash construction and equipment costs. Its design, characterised by an almost Àat bottom and a long hull, revolutionised the transport of bulk commodities through the shallow Baltic coastal waters. Contrary to the then current preference for converting naval ships for merchants use, the Àuit was uniquely designed for mercantile purposes.

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