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By Victor G. Saúco, John C. Robinson

Bananas and plantains are significant fruit plants within the tropics and subtropics, creating a very important contribution to the economies of many nations. within the final 15 years, mammoth adjustments have happened in banana creation, between them the elevated significance of fungal and viral illnesses and their critical effect on Cavendish export cultivars, smallholder plantains and cooking bananas. adjustments in construction platforms akin to safe greenhouse cultivation, natural, fair-trade and built-in cultivation and their respective certification schemes have additionally turn into admired. This ebook presents an available evaluation of the clinical ideas of banana construction and the way those relate to box practices. This re-creation has improved assurance of worldwide exchange facts and rules, breeding of latest cultivars relating to illness resistance and markets, customers for genetically-modified bananas and the expanding position of endophytes in controlling pests and illnesses.

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Balbisiana to the constitution of the cultivar, and second, to the ploidy or chromosome number of the cultivar, is valid for most practical purposes. 1. These were subsequently refined and updated by Purseglove (1972), Stover and Simmonds (1987) and Valmayor et al. (1991). 1. Characters used in the taxonomic scoring of banana cultivars (from Simmonds and Shepherd, 1955). Character M. acuminata M. balbisiana Pseudostem colour More or less heavily marked with brown or black blotches Margin erect or spreading with scarious wings below, not clasping pseudostem (Fig.

The most important of these are as follows: ● Dessert types similar to ‘Gros Michel’ (AAAA) – FHIA 17, FHIA 23 and SH 3436. ● Dessert types similar to ‘Pome’ (AAAB) – FHIA 01 or ‘Goldfinger’ (see above), FHIA 18 and SH 3640 (‘Prata Graúda’ in Brazil) or AABB types like FHIA 26. ● Cooking banana types similar to ‘Bluggoe’ (AAAB) – FHIA 03 (also good as a dessert type) and FHIA 25. ● Plantains types (AAAB) – FHIA 20 and FHIA 21. Taxonomic Classification, Cultivars and Breeding 35 ● Speciality bananas – These include bananas such as SH 4001, a plantain type with a high content of β-carotene.

PC = plant crop; R1, R2 and R3 = successive ratoons. Note that circumference does not increase in proportion to height, thus taller cultivars are less stable. CI, Canary Islands; SA, South Africa. Redrawn from Robinson et al. (1993b). Taxonomic Classification, Cultivars and Breeding 29 lacatan type The main synonyms are ‘Pisang Masak Hijau’ in Malaysia, ‘Monte Cristo’ in Puerto Rico, and ‘Giant Fig’ in the West Indies. This very tall cultivar has limited commercial importance and only in Jamaica and the West Indies.

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