By Ingvar Sundh, Andrea Wilcks, Mark S. Goettel
Microorganisms are normal in a number of helpful purposes, together with foodstuff, pest regulate, bioremediation, biodegradation, biofuel methods, and plant symbiosis and development stimulation. This booklet presents an summary of the to be had technique for safeguard exams of microorganisms, together with selection in their infectivity and whether or not they produce poisonous or sensitizing elements. additionally coated are the regulatory platforms in hazard overview and administration of microbial items, quarantine legislation, foreign treaties, the significance of public chance conception and possibility aid habit.
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Additional resources for Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment : safety assessment and regulation
This system allows EFSA to dispense with most safety deliberations and frees resources to focus specifically on aspects of a given microorganism that deviate from the organism’s QPS counterpart. This deviation might be of a genetic or metabolic nature, or in its use. The US GRAS system is touched upon immediately below, and both the EU and US systems are described in greater detail in the next chapter (von Wright, Chapter 3, this volume). 4 US law and beneficial microorganisms In the USA, food for humans and feed for animals are both termed food and are both regulated in accordance with the Federal Food and Cosmetics Act (US FDA, 1999).
So far, these recommendations have not led to any specific EU-wide harmonization of the national regulations. In view of recent developments, food cultures might be eventually classified as food ingredients, as pointed out by Wessels (Chapter 2, this volume). While the situation with microbial cultures intended for food use currently is obscure in the EU, the case of microbial products intended for animals is very definite. These are unequivocally considered as feed additives, and this definition also covers the starters used for silage preparation.
1994) Metabolites of Pseudomonas involved in the biocontrol of plant disease. TIBTECH 12, 133–141. EFSA (2005) EFSA Scientific Colloquium Summary Report. QPS Qualified Presumption of Safety of Microorganisms in Food and Feed. European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy. EFSA (2006a) Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed for the establishment of guidelines on the assessment of safety and efficacy of silage additives, on a request from the Commission under Article 7(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003.