Download Biotechnology and Plant Breeding. Applications and by Aluízio Borém, Roberto Fritsche-Neto PDF

By Aluízio Borém, Roberto Fritsche-Neto

Biotechnology and Plant Breeding comprises serious discussions of the latest and most vital purposes of biotechnology in plant breeding, overlaying key issues resembling biometry utilized to molecular research of genetic range, genetically changed crops, and extra. This paintings is going past recombinant DNA expertise to collect key details and references on new biotech instruments for cultivar improvement, reminiscent of double-haploids, molecular markers, and genome-wide choice, between others.

It is more and more difficult for plant breeders and agricultural platforms to provide adequate meals, feed, fiber and biofuel for the worldwide inhabitants. As plant breeding evolves and turns into more and more subtle, a surprising quantity of genetic facts is now generated. Biotechnology and Plant Breeding is helping researchers and scholars familiarize yourself with how the substantial quantities of genetic info are generated, kept, analyzed and utilized.

This useful source integrates information regarding plant breeding into the context of contemporary technological know-how, and assists with education for plant breeders together with these scientists who've a superb knowing of molecular biology/biotechnology and wish to profit the artwork and perform of plant breeding. Plant biologists, breeding technicians, agronomists, seed technologists, scholars, and any researcher drawn to biotechnologies utilized to plant breeding will locate this paintings an important device and reference for the field.

  • Presents in-depth yet easy-to-understand assurance of themes, so plant breeders can effortlessly understand them and practice them to their breeding courses
  • Includes chapters that handle the already built and optimized biotechnologies for cultivar improvement, with real-world software for users
  • Features contributions via authors with numerous years of expertise of their components of craftsmanship

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Extra info for Biotechnology and Plant Breeding. Applications and Approaches for Developing Improved Cultivars

Example text

2011). In the majority of the species in which DArT has been applied, Chapter | 2 Molecular Markers 43 the technique has been adapted and used in the characterization of germplasm collections and genetic diversity, the construction of high-resolution genetic maps, and the identification of QTL (Quantitative Trait Loci). Because DArT markers are widely distributed in the genome and can be used for genotyping on a large scale, the technique has great potential for use in selective genomics. Furthermore, DArT markers have shown good performance in analyses of polyploid species.

There are a number of variations of the primer extension reaction, which are represented by two main types of reaction. 14A). In this case, the reaction includes a specific primer complementary to the region preceding the SNP intended for genotyping, fluorescently labeled dNTPs complementary to one of the SNP bases, and dNTPs of the other bases. 15 Allelic discrimination by oligonucleotide ligation. (A) Perfect pairing of both the allele-specific and common oligonucleotides results in the ligation of two DNA fragments and product detection by PCR.

2001. Accessing genetic variation: genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Nature Reviews Genetics 2, 930–940. , 2005. Toward genome-wide SNP genotyping. ), S5–S10. , 2009. New DArT markers for oat provide enhanced map coverage and global germplasm characterization. BMC Genomics 10, 39. , 2005. Genic microsatellite markers in plants: features and applications. Trends in Biotechnology 23, 48–55. , 1995. AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting. Nucleic Acids Research 23, 4407–4414. , 2004.

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