By E. David Cronon
N the early 20th century, Marcus Garvey sowed the seeds of a brand new black satisfaction and resolution. Attacked through the black intelligentsia and ridiculed through the white press, this Jamaican immigrant astonished all along with his black nationalist rhetoric. in exactly 4 years, he outfitted the common Negro development organization (UNIA), the biggest and strongest all-black association the kingdom had ever visible. With hundreds of thousands of branches, in the course of the usa, the UNIA represented Garvey’s maximum accomplishment and, paradoxically, the resource of his public shame. Black Moses brings this arguable determine to existence and recovers the importance of his existence and work.
“Those who're drawn to the innovative points of the 20 th century in the US aren't leave out Cronon’s booklet. It makes intriguing reading.”—The Nation
“A very readable, real, and well-documented biography of Marcus Garvey.”—The obstacle, NAACP
“In a quick, speedily relocating, penetrating biography, Mr. Cronon has made the 1st genuine try and narrate the Garvey tale. From the Jamaican's stressful race stories at the West Indian island to dizzy good fortune and inglorious failure at the mainland, the main outlines are the following etched with sympathy, knowing, and insight.”—Mississippi Valley historic evaluate (Now the magazine of yank History).
“Good interpreting for all critical background students.”—Jet
“A bright, distinctive, and sound portrait of a guy and his dreams.”—Political technology Quarterly
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Extra info for Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association
Philip Randolph, Hubert H. Harrison, Cyril V. Briggs, William H. Ferris, and William Bridges. Under their able direction a new radical press sprang up in Harlem after the war. Such periodicals as the Messenger, the Voice, the Crusader, the Challenge, the Emancipator, and the Negro World were thought sufficiently dangerous to be cited in a 1919 Department of Justice report on Negro radicalism and sedition. 38 The following year the Lusk Committee, created to investigate seditious activities in the State of New York, devoted forty-four pages to this New Negro press in a report entitled Revolutionary Radicalism.
The general slackening of employment during the period of reconversion and recession after the war disheartened many of these new arrivals. Their initial feeling of delight at the comparative equality of treatment in the North rapidly gave way to a wave of discouragement as it became apparent that even in the fabled North Negroes were still only second-class citizens, herded into black ghettos, the last to be hired and the first to be fired. To this group of poorly educated, superstitious, disillusioned Negroes Marcus Garvey would make his strongest appeal, and from this element of the colored world Garveyism would draw some of its staunchest support.
After the effects of the migration on the southern labor market began to alarm the local authorities, it became necessary to conduct much of the promotional work through the mails. In some cases, free railroad passes were used to encourage Negroes to leave the South. 15 The migration was greatly stimulated by enthusiastic letters home from friends and relatives who had made the move and by the editorial encouragement of northern Negro newspapers, many of which had a large circulation in the South.