By Committee to Assess the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Institute of Medicine, Kathleen Stratton, Padma Shetty, Robert Wallace, Stuart Bondurant
Despite overwhelming facts of tobacco's damaging results and strain from anti-smoking advocates, present surveys express that approximately one-quarter of all adults within the usa are people who smoke. This viewers is the objective for a wave of tobacco items and prescribed drugs that declare to maintain tobacco excitement whereas lowering its poisonous effects.
Clearing the Smoke addresses the issues in comparing even if such items truly do decrease the future health dangers of tobacco use. in the context of regulating such items, the committee explores key questions:
- Does using such items lessen publicity to damaging ingredients in tobacco?
- Is diminished publicity linked to lowered damage to health?
- Are there surrogate signs of injury that may be measured fast adequate for law of those products?
- What are the general public overall healthiness implications?
This e-book appears on the forms of items that can decrease damage and studies the on hand facts for his or her effect on a variety of varieties of melanoma and different significant diseases. It additionally recommends ways to governing those items and monitoring their public health and wellbeing effects.
With an perspective of fit skepticism, Clearing the Smoke can be vital to future health coverage makers, public healthiness officers, scientific practitioners, brands and agents of "reduced-harm" tobacco items, and a person attempting to variety via product claims.
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Additional info for Clearing the Smoke : Assessing the Science Base for Tobacco Harm Reduction
Trends in cigarette smoking among high school students-United States, 1991-1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 49(33):755-758. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2000c. Tobacco use among middle and high school students-United States, 1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 49(3):4953. Ferrence R, Slade J, Room R, Pope M, eds. 2000. Nicotine and Public Health. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association. Fielding JE, Husten CG, Eriksen MP. 1998. Tobacco: health effects and control.
A synthesis of those three components leads to a risk characterization. This can be either qualitative or quantitative. Considerations that can affect the risk characterization are the statistical and biological uncertainties in estimating the health effects, the choice of dose-response or exposure assessments used, and a determination of targeted population for protection. The risk characterization is used to guide regulatory or other action for the purposes of risk management. g. engineering) information with risk-related information.
S. DHHS, 1989). In 1998, 98% of cigarettes sold in the United States contained filters (FTC, 2000). The next major product modification with safety implications was the introduction of “low-yield” cigarettes. These products emit lower tar, carbon monoxide (CO), and nicotine than other products as measured by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) assay (the “smoking machine”). This is achieved through blending different types of tobacco, ventilation, addition of accelerants, and filtration, as discussed in Chapter 4.