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By S. K. Mangal

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Extra info for Coffee : planting, production and processing

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To mark the planting holes at this spacing on sloping land, follow the steps below. i Figure 1. Constmcting an A-frame (top). 5 m apart. The horizontal support cross-piece is marked at the central point. A string with a weight (stone or metal object) is attached at the apex of the 'A' and allowed to hang treely, similar to a pendulum (Figure 1). Starting at the bottom of the slope, 'walk' the A-frame across the slope by rotating it from one leg of the frame to the other. Place" a marker at each point on the ground where the pendulum lines up with the centre mark on the A-Frame cross-piece.

Damping-off can be avoided by proper preparation in the nursery. It is also important that new soil is always used in the nursery beds. If the disease is found, immediate drenching with either Benlate (Benomyl) or Captan can be carried out. 50 Coffee Always read the label on the chemical pack and follow directions. Cercospora is a fungus, which develops when plants are under stress caused by too much shade, too much sun, nitrogen deficiency, over-watering or over-crowding. This can be avoided by following good management practices.

Prepare the land. - Plant windbreaks. - Mark out the rows. Establish shade trees. Irrigation. Prepare the Land The land must be cleared and all old trees and their roots removed-do not leave old timber lying around as this attracts pests. With land up to 15% slope, run the rows across the slope making sure there is a fall of 1 to 2% for drainage. Ground covers should be planted to avoid erosion. When land is greater than 15% slope, contour planting must be undertaken. 5 m 23 Planting Coffee Trees apart within the row.

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