By Professor J. Bryan Page, Professor Merrill Singer
Comprehending Drug Use, the 1st full-length severe evaluation of using ethnographic tools in drug examine, synthesizes a couple of hundred years of analysis at the human stumble upon with psychotropic medicinal drugs. J. Bryan web page and Merrill Singer create a entire exam of the total box of drug ethnography-methodology that comprises entry to the hidden international of drug clients, the social areas they common, and the bigger structural forces that support build their worlds. They discover the real intersections of drug ethnography with globalization, criminalization, public well-being (including the HIV/AIDS epidemic, hepatitis, and different diseases), and gender, and likewise offer a realistic advisor of the equipment and profession paths of ethnographers. (20091120)
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Extra info for Comprehending Drug Use: Ethnographic Research at the Social Margins
The paper suggests that the extent of risk depends heavily on the initiative taken by the proprietor of the “get-off” (a term used in Miami to denote a place where people go to “shoot up”) to obtain cleansing materials for the pooled needles/syringes in his or her establishment. If the proprietor recently received these materials from an outreach/intervention program, then he or she makes them available to the clientele. When the supplies run out, there may be no further effort to obtain more. Findings of this study led to several other investigations, producing a report on the contamination found in needles/syringes collected from get-off houses in Miami (Chitwood et al.
Dai helped to usher in the social deviance approach to drug studies. This understanding, suggested although never fully developed in Dai’s work, depicts the drug user as caught up in “an all-consuming life-style” (Waterston 1993, 13) or a total way of life (Bell 1971; Inciardi 1986). Some researchers have referred to the existence of a “deviance syndrome” among impoverished inner-city drug users (McGee and Newcomb 1992). For example, Gilles Bibeau asserted that regular intravenous drug use “quickly leads to a lifestyle often associated with social marginality, a lifestyle where risk-taking and danger play central roles” (1989).
Methodologically, the Chicago School used a mixed approach that included “seeking out the [target THE EMERGENCE OF DRUG ETHNOGRAPHY 37 group] member’s perspective . . , observing human group life naturalistically . . , and being in situ” (Adler 1990, 96), strategies that form important components of the ethnographic method. Indeed, as Joan Moore stressed, the Chicago fieldwork tradition “virtually mandated that major consideration be given to the point of view of the communities and the people under study,” a sentiment that it shared with the Malinowskian ethnographic research tradition in anthropology (1978, 8).