Download Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics

This booklet identifies possibilities, priorities, and demanding situations for the sector of condensed-matter and fabrics physics. It highlights fascinating contemporary medical and technological advancements and their societal influence and identifies remarkable questions for destiny study. subject matters diversity from the technology of recent expertise to new fabrics and constructions, novel quantum phenomena, nonequilibrium physics, delicate condensed subject, and new experimental and computational tools.

The publication additionally addresses structural demanding situations for the sector, together with nurturing its highbrow power, retaining a fit mix of huge and small examine amenities, bettering the field's integration with different disciplines, and constructing new methods for scientists in academia, executive laboratories, and to interact. will probably be of curiosity to scientists, educators, scholars, and policymakers.

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Extra info for Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics: Basic Research for Tomorrow's Technology

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1 Incorporation of major scientific and technological advances into new products can take decades and often follows unpredictable paths. Illustrated here are some selected technologies supported by the foundations of electronic, photonic, and magnetic phenomena and materials. These technologies have enabled breakthroughs in virtually every sector of the economy. The two-way interplay between foundations and technology is a major driving force in this field. The most recent fundamental advances and technological discoveries have yet to realize their potential.

Campuses should experiment with the creation of “virtual departments” to aid intellectual restructuring to better achieve their research and education missions in changing times. • Universities need to expand existing programs that enable undergraduates to have research experiences in faculty laboratories or summer internships in industry or at national laboratories. • Universities should recognize the importance of knowledge integration and transfer in addition to knowledge creation. • Applied physics departments and programs should link to industrial liaison programs, which generally are strong in colleges of engineering.

Because these liquid crystals are so sensitive, their use consumes very little power. Complex fluids occur in bewildering variety. To describe and control the different liquid phases, theorists are developing new concepts of molecular organization. With progressively better understanding of the rules of formation, these fluids can be used to construct new kinds of materials with unusual topologies. Extremely light and strong aerogels, used in insulation for example, have a huge surface area trapped in a relatively small volume.

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