By Jeffrey D. Clements
Because the ultimate Court’s electorate United ruling that the rights of things—money and corporations—matter greater than the rights of individuals, the United States has confronted a concern of democracy. during this well timed and punctiliously up to date moment version, Jeff Clements describes the unusual heritage of this weird and wonderful ruling, its ongoing damaging results, and the transforming into stream to opposite it. He encompasses a new bankruptcy, “Do Something!,” exhibiting how—state via country and group via community—Americans are utilizing artistic recommendations and instruments to resume democracy and scale down unbalanced company energy. because the first variation, sixteen states, one hundred sixty participants of Congress, and 500 towns and cities have referred to as for a constitutional modification to overturn electorate United, and the checklist is turning out to be. this can be a struggle we will be able to win!
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Additional info for Corporations Are Not People: Reclaiming Democracy from Big Money and Global Corporations (2nd Edition)
District court judge Tanner was persuaded that the plaintiffs had made out a prima facie case of a disparate impact theory because: “Several comparable worth studies, since 1974, found a 20% disparity in salary between predominantly male and predominantly female jobs which require an equivalent or lesser composite of skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions as reflected by an equal number of job evaluation points” (578 F. Supp. 846, p. 863). He also found that the state had not produced evidence of a legitimate, overriding business justification for such differentials.
The analysis of 25 26 Theory and Method existing cases also provides a foundation for our presentation of three models of pay discrimination that link different legal approaches to between-job wage differences and different theoretical conceptions of labor markets and employing organizations. These models serve as a bridge to the next chapter, where we review the social-scientific literature on labor markets and gender inequality in organizations. Another objective of this chapter is to begin to develop a sociological narrative on the law of sex-based pay discrimination.
15. In Wards Cove Packing Co. v. S. 642 (1989), the Supreme Court significantly narrowed the doctrine by holding that only certain kinds of comparisons would be considered relevant to the question of discrimination. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 legislatively reversed Wards Cove, mandating that the law on disparate impact was to be returned to what existed prior to the Wards Cove decision. The comparable worth cases we review here were decided before Wards Cove. Therefore, the precedents should not be affected by that case or the Civil Rights Act of 1991.