By Jens Rydström, Kati Mustola
This booklet presents a coherent background of felony legislations and homosexuality in Scandinavia from 1842 to 1999, a interval in which same-sex love was once outlawed or topic to critical criminal regulations within the Scandinavian penal codes. This was once the case in such a lot nations in Northern Europe, however the booklet argues that the improvement in Scandinavia used to be various, in part made up our minds via the constitution of the welfare country. 5 skilled students of the heritage of homosexuality describe how same-sex wish has been regulated of their respective nations in past times a hundred and sixty years. With backgrounds in historical past, sociology, and gender reviews, the members symbolize an interdisciplinary method. Their contributions current for the 1st time a finished historical past of homosexuality in Scandinavia. between different issues, it comprises the main wide examine but written in any language approximately Iceland's homosexual and lesbian background. additionally for the 1st time, the booklet discusses intimately same-sex sexuality among girls. woman homosexuality was once outlawed in japanese Scandinavia, yet now not within the Western components of this area. It additionally analyzes the fashionable tendency to incorporate lesbian ladies within the felony point of the medicalization of homosexuality and the transforming into effect of scientific discourse at the legislation. Jens Rydstrm is lecturer in historical past, really gender historical past, at Stockholm college (Sweden) and the writer of Sinners and voters: Bestiality and Homosexuality in Sweden, 18801950. he's at the moment engaged on the background of legislation on registered partnership within the Nordic international locations. Kati Mustola is a examine fellow on the division of Sociology of the college of Helsinki (Finland). She is at the moment fascinated with examine at the state of affairs of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgender humans within the place of work. She additionally makes a speciality of Finnish lesbian and homosexual heritage. She has edited a number of books in lesbian and homosexual reports and for a few years was once liable for the instructing of lesbian experiences on the Christina Institute for Women's reviews on the collage of Helsinki.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra info for Criminally Queer: Homosexuality and Criminal Law in Scandinavia 1842-1999
Still, some members prefer to remain anonymous, revealing the difficulties faced by lesbians and gay men in smaller communities. Final abolition of discriminatory laws Finland and Norway were the last two countries in Scandinavia to lift the general ban on homosexuality, but they did so from very different starting points and with very different results. Norway had a law that criminalized only male same-sex sexuality and was seldom used. The Finnish law criminalized both male and female same-sex sexuality and was used fairly often.
2 The handful of court cases involving women show, however, that there was another, although much weaker strand running through Western history, a strand which included the unthinkable. ”3 Some church authorities, following Paul, have included female same-sex acts in their list of sins. ”4 Occasionally, secular laws included references to female-female sexuality. 7 On the other hand, many Central European countries which were under the direct rule or within the more immediate sphere of influence of the Habsburg Dynasty during the sixteenth century did not follow the example set by Carolina of criminalizing female same-sex acts.
Western, Judeo-Christian views on sexuality were closely connected to procreation. The Mosaic Law of the Old Testament denounced sexual acts which did not lead to procreation, and procreation was to take place only within marriage. The major concern with prohibited sex acts was the waste of male semen, and, following this logic, male masturbation, dif- 42 Criminally Queer ferent-sex anal intercourse, sex between men, and bestiality were all forbidden forms of sexual activity. Sexual acts between women were unthinkable.